RUB » Fakultäten » Lehrstuhl für Kontinuumsmechanik » Forschung » Material-/Mehrskalenmodellierung

Projekte im Forschungsfeld "Materialmodellierung auf mehreren Skalen"

EXASTEEL - Bridging Scales for Multiphase Steels

DFG (Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft) project BA 2823/8-1 within the SPP (German Priority Program) 1648 "SPPEXA" (Software for Exascale Computing) 

Exasteel
Lupe
© Daniel Balzani

Cooperation with:

A. Klawonn (Universität zu Köln),
O. Rheinbach (Technische Universität Bergakademie Freiberg),
J. Schröder (Universität Duisburg-Essen),
G. Wellein (Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg)


Abstract:
The project EXASTEEL in the SPP 1648 deals with the computational simulation of advanced high strength steels, incorporating phase transformation phenomena at the microscale using the FE² direct multiscale approach. Thereby in each macroscopic integration point an additional (microscopic) boundary value problem is solved and suitable volume averages of the microscopic responses replace the macroscopic constitutive set of equations compared to classical FEM computations. In a serial set-up this procedure results in high numerical costs especially in the three dimensional case. New, highly efficient, parallel solver algorithms will enable the FE² approach to perform simulations of three dimensional multiscale material science problems. Due to the main objectives of SPPEXA, here the development for the exascale computing on future supercomputers is one of the main aspects.

nach oben

Construction of Statistically Similar Representative Volume Elements (SSRVEs)

DFG (Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft) project no SCHR 570-8/2 (research group 797 "microplast")

Ssrve
Lupe

Cooperation with:
J. Schröder (Universität Duisburg-Essen),
D. Raabe (Max-Planck Institut für Eisenforschung GmbH)

Abstract:
Micro-heterogeneous high-tech steels enable ambitious engineering constructions. For the design of such random multi-phase microstructures numerical simulation procedures are important for the reliable prediction of the overall response of macroscopic boundary value problems. Direct homogenization schemes, which are designed for such kind of problems, can only be efficient if the complex random microstructure is approximated by significantly less complex representative volume elements (RVEs) capturing the basic morphological attributes of the microscale. This is the main task in the project, where several statistical measures (spectral-density, lineal-path function, Minkowski valuations, etc.) are applied for the construction of statistically similar RVEs (SSRVEs). A main challenge in this period is the design of three-dimensional SSRVEs based on the Electron-Backscatter Diffraction (EBSD) combined with Focused-Ion-Beam (FIB) measurements. The performance of the direct homogenization approach using the constructed SSRVEs is analyzed for representative macroscopic deep-drawing processes.

References:

nach oben

Simulation of Textile Membranes in Civil Engineering Applications

Textilmembrane
Lupe
© Daniel Balzani

Cooperation with:
N. Stranghöner (Universität Duisburg-Essen)

Abstract:
The simulation of textile membranes in civil engineering practice is currently based on strong simplifications of the material description. Although the materials show a highly nonlinear stress-strain response in biaxial tension tests, linear elastic models are applied. Furthermore, membrane formulations or approaches based on cord networks are typically used for the numerical calculation of structures which are not capable of reliably predicting e.g. wrinkle formation. In order to improve the current state of the art, in this project new models are developed which describe the material behavior more accurately by taking into account a fully nonlinear continuum mechanical framework.
The models are however constructed such that a practical application may still be enabled.
In addition to that, shell finite element formulations are applied to account for wrinkling.

References:

nach oben

Relaxed Incremental Variational Formulation for Damage at Large Strains with Application to Fiber-Reinforced Materials and Materials with Truss-like Microstructures

Incremental-damage
Lupe
© Daniel Balzani

Cooperation with:
M. Ortiz (California Institute of Technology CALTECH, Pasadena, USA)

Abstract:
In this project incremental variational formulations for damage at finite strains are developed. The classical continuum damage mechanics serves as a basis where a stress-softening term depending on a scalar-valued damage function is prepended an effective hyperelastic strain energy function, which describes the virtually undamaged material. Since loss of convexity is obtained at some critical deformations a relaxed incremental stress potential is constructed which convexifies the original non-convex problem. The resulting model can be interpreted as the homogenization of a micro-heterogeneous material bifurcated into a strongly and weakly damaged phase at the microscale. A one-dimensional relaxed formulation is derived and based thereon, models for fiber-reinforced materials are constructed. Moreover, these models are used for the computational homogenization of materials with truss-like microstructures as e.g. cellular materials.

References:

nach oben

Dynamischer Faserauszug

Dynamischer-faserauszug
Lupe
© Yannick Fangye

Abstract:
Vorgeschädigte Strukturen aus faserbewehrten Kompositwerkstoffen bewahren bei dynamischer Belastung ihre strukturelle Integrität aufgrund der rissüberbrückenden Wirkung der Bewehrungsfasern. Bei dynamischen Beanspruchungen, welche zu einer Relativverschiebung der Rissufer führen, werden die rissüberbrückenden Fasern gedehnt und gegebenenfalls (weiter) aus der sie umgebenden Matrix gezogen. Gegenstand des Forschungsprojektes ist die Beschreibung dieses dynamischen Faserauszuges. Notwendig ist unter anderem die Modellierung des sukzessiven Ablösens der Faser von der Matrix, welches maßgeblich von der (Zug-)Wellenausbreitung in der Faser beeinflusst wird und umgekehrt Auswirkungen auf die Wellenausbreitung in die umgebende Matrix hat. Die Untersuchungen finden für den Auszug von modernen Faserbewehrungen aus spröden Matrices wie Beton statt.

Referenzen:

nach oben

Impakt auf Strukturen aus faserverstärktem Beton

Impakt
Lupe
© Frank Beyer

Abstrakt:
Impakteinwirkungen führen zu besonders hohen Beanspruchungen in Strukturen aus faserverstärktem Beton. Um sowohl Personen und Tiere als auch Güter zu schützen, müssen die gebauten Strukturen einen hohen Impaktwiderstand aufweisen. In diesem Forschungsprojekt steht die skalenübergreifende Modellierung der Vorgänge im Material aufgrund von Impakteinwirkungen im Vordergrund. Besondere Berücksichtigung finden die Phänomene Wellenausbreitung, Dämpfung und anisotrope Schädigung einschließlich Verbundversagen. Ein weiteres Ziel ist die Bereitstellung geeigneter Representativer Volumenelemente.

Referenzen: